IP vendor eyes self-generating chip IDs
TAIPEI — eMemory Technology, the world’s seventh-largest IP vendor, expects its physically unclonable function (PUF) technology to continue the company’s strong growth as security issues in the semiconductor industry become a higher priority.
PUFs are semiconductor fingerprints, unique physical properties inherent in silicon structures that can be used to identify individual chips. eMemory says its NeoPUF technology protects hardware at the chip level by generating unique IDs and crypto keys from those fingerprints.
The integration of NeoPUF into a chip design helps to prevent unauthorized code execution and data reads, according to the company. At a time when concerns have grown surrounding the vulnerability of CPUs and other chips in systems for IoT and point of sales (POS), eMemory expects its new technology to help continue its 40 percent compound annual growth rate in royalties and licensing over the past 12 years.
“Once you have the chip fingerprint, there are a lot of applications,” said eMemory Chairman Charles Hsu in an interview with EE Times. “For example, authentication. You can use the chip fingerprint and a number to set a secret key. You can use this secret key to encrypt your data before you send it out. The most important thing is every system has its own number. If a system is hacked into, only one system is compromised, not all of the systems.”
A common solution for chip security uses eFuse technology with a secret key for identification, authentication and encryption. The secret key comes from a third-party provider, which eMemory sees as a potential security risk.
“Our invention is that we can generate the random number on the chip itself,” according to Hsu. “And each chip has its own random number, so it’s not managed by anybody.”
eMemory’s PUF technology uses the hardware fingerprint on a chip to create a random number that eliminates the need to store a secret key. The number for each chip is regenerated regularly by the hardware to prevent hacker attacks.
“The beauty of this solution is the key is not stored outside the system,” says eMemory Director Li-Jeng Chen.
One example of a chip-security issue that eMemory believes it can solve is the rampant counterfeiting of processors. The problem has become serious enough that the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has created the Supply Chain Hardware Integrity for Electronics Defense (SHIELD) program.
SHIELD aims to combine NSA-level encryption, sensors, near-field power and communications into a microscopic-scale chip capable of being inserted into the packaging of a chip. The 100 micrometer x 100 micrometer "dielet" will act as a hardware root of trust, detecting any attempt to access or reverse engineer the dielet, according to DARPA.
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