IR Introduces LIN-Controlled Alternator/Regulator
(EL SEGUNDO, Calif.) October 2004 — International Rectifier has introduced the local interconnect network (LIN)-controlled alternator-regulator for next-generation vehicles. IR's solution optimizes performance in intelligent automotive charging systems for increased efficiency and improved fuel economy.
"Vehicle manufacturers are moving toward the integration of a single line, low speed, low cost communication bus. To enable this technology migration, IR has worked closely with its customers to be the first supplier of alternator-regulators with the LIN interface," says Ivo Jurek, VP, IR Automotive Products.
Intelligent vehicular charging systems are used when dynamic control of the alternator output and torque is desired for optimal battery charging, electrical system power management, and alternator-engine interaction. Dynamic alternator control enables improved electrical system efficiency and reduces engine idle speed for greater fuel economy.
"Previous intelligent charging systems utilized two-line analog communication to achieve limited dynamic control of the alternator through regulator set-point voltage. The IR LIN-controlled alternator-regulator uses more sophisticated serial communication for greater dynamic control and a greater range of alternator status feedback," Jurek adds.
In contrast to analog interfaces, IR's platform offers integrated programmable load response control features, programmable field excitation of current or temperature and regulator feedback of fault status. As added benefits, IR's LIN solution can be uniquely addressed for compatibility with up to 15 other modules on the bus and all data can be transmitted or received in a single pass.
The LIN interface provides a simplified method of reliably achieving the bi-directional communication required for maximum alternator performance in an intelligent charging system. The LIN serial interface is used by the engine control unit (ECU) to transmit charging voltage setpoint from 10.7V to 16V, load response control ramp and cut-off speed and the field excitation limit. The voltage setpoint command can also disable the field driver for a momentary no-output condition.
Signals transmitted to the ECU from the regulator include field excitation duty cycle, current or temperature (customer-defined) and the fault status. Transmitted fault codes provide unique indication for mechanical, electrical, temperature, communication and timeout errors. In addition, the LIN-controlled alternator-regulator includes short-circuit protection, EMI and ESD suppression and consumes less than 200 microA standby current.
The IR LIN-controlled alternator regulator is assembled using thick-film hybrid technology for reliable high temperature operation and excellent parametric stability over the entire operating temperature range of "40 to 150C. The hybrid circuit can be customized to the application to optimize performance and reliability, and can be assembled into a custom housing with an insert-molded lead-frame specifically designed for flame-soldering or heavy wirebonding.
Thick-film technology also enables precise laser trimming of discrete resistors so that patented current sensing technology can be used to achieve the highest reported tolerance capability in the industry.
Pricing and Availability
The LIN-controlled alternator-regulator is custom-designed for specific applications. For availability and pricing information call (248) 347-1830, extension 110. www.irf.com.