Using Model-Based Diagnosis to Improve Software Testing -

Using Model-Based Diagnosis to Improve Software Testing

Testing is a fundamental part of the software development process. A software testing phase involves finding bugs and fixing them. From the perspective of the programmer, fixing bugs usually involves two tasks. First, the root cause of the bug needs to be found, and then the faulty software components (e.g., functions or classes) are fixed.

Diagnosing the root cause of a software bug is often a challenging task that involves a trial-and-error process: several possible diagnoses are suggested by the programmer, which then performs tests and probes to differentiate the cor- rect diagnosis. One of the reasons why this trial-and-error process is challenging is because it is often non-trivial to reproduce bugs found by a tester.

An ideal solution to this problem would be that the tester, when observing a bug, will perform additional test steps to help the programmer find the software component that caused the bug. However, planning these additional test steps cannot be done efficiently without being familiar with the code of the tested software.

Often, testing is done by Quality Assurance (QA) professionals, which are not familiar with the software code that they are testing. This separation, between those who write the code and those who test it, is even regarded as a best-practice, allowing unbiased testing.

We propose in this paper a combination of AI techniques to improve soft ware testing. When a test fails, a model-based diagnosis (MBD) algorithm is used to propose a set of possible explanations. We call these explanations diagnoses. Then, a planning algorithm is used to suggest further tests to identify the correct diagnosis. A tester preforms these tests and reports their outcome back to the MBD algorithm, which uses this information to prune incorrect diagnoses. This iterative process continues until the correct diagnosis is returned.

We call this testing paradigm Test, Diagnose and Plan (TDP). Several test planning algorithms are proposed to minimize the number of TDP iterations, and consequently the number of tests required until the correct diagnosis is found. Experimental results show the benefits of using an MDP-based planning algorithms over greedy test planning in three benchmarks.

This paper presents only the first building block of this vision: automated diagnosis and automated test planning. In future work we plan to perform an empirical evaluation on real data, which will be gathered from the source control managements and bug tracking tools of a real software project in collaboration with existing software companies. We are now pursuing such collaboration.

To read this external content in full, download the complete paper from the author archives online at Ben Gurion University.

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